China's machine tool industry has not yet warmed and where is the breakthrough way?
In the past two years, China's machine tool industry has indeed encountered challenges, but challenges and opportunities coexist. For the development of China's machine tool industry, the Chinese government and machine tool companies have also worked hard for it. As the saying goes, "the right medicine, the medicine can be removed", then where is the road to China's machine tool industry, especially high-end CNC machine tools?
Where is the road to breakout?
At present, the global machine tool industry is still at a low point, and there are no obvious signs of industry recovery. The domestic machine tool industry shows that the industry is in the imitation stage, the key core technologies are hollow, and the middle and low-end markets are deeply muddy. According to industry insiders, low-end and medium-end production capacity, high-end replacement imports, and entry into the machine tool consumer market are the three key paths for the domestic machine tool industry to break through.
Among them, the promotion of medium and low-end de-capacity depends on the cooperation of enterprises, local governments and the state. The resistance in this process includes the interest game of local government taxation; in addition, the resettlement after de-capacity, and the capital of high-end capacity, R&D investment is also a problem that needs to be solved.
The replacement of imported high-end CNC machine tools is the biggest goal and opportunity of domestic machine tools at this stage. At present, some domestic companies such as Nissin Seiki, Yawei, Shenyang Machine Tool, Guangzhou CNC, etc. already have certain high-end CNC machine tool technology accumulation and production and processing technology. The short board is in the gap between processing precision and product stability. . If the problem of industrialization of high-end CNC machine tools is solved, the gap between China Manufacturing and German Industry 4.0 will be significantly reduced.
From the assembly of the whole machine to the field of machine tool consumption, it is the third path for the Chinese machine tool industry to break through. Despite the downturn in the machine tool market, the machine tool consumer market is quite good, and the performance of listed parts of machine tool parts is also quite beautiful. A brokerage researcher said, "Although the growth rate of the machine tool market is almost stagnant, the market for key parts replacement of machine tools is huge; in addition, the post-machine tool market for the transformation and upgrading of used machine tools has great potential."
Future development is still expected
From the above three major roads to break through, coupled with the adjustment of economic structure, the deepening of government-enterprise cooperation, the machine tool industry will develop rapidly. It is understood that due to the sharp increase in demand for important equipment manufacturing industries such as defense, aviation, high-speed rail, automobiles and molds, China's CNC machine tool production has maintained rapid growth. The average annual compound growth rate of China's CNC machine tool production in the past five years is 37.39%. Combined with the total assets of China's CNC machine tool industry and China's economic growth data in recent years, according to the linear regression forecasting method, it is estimated that by 2020, the asset scale of China's CNC machine tool industry will reach 270 billion yuan.
In fact, the importance of machine tool equipment is fully reflected in "Made in China 2025" and the technology roadmap. High-end CNC machine tools have been identified as one of the ten key breakthrough areas in the manufacturing power strategy, and breakthroughs in other nine areas. Also rely on machine tool equipment can be the first to become stronger. The data show that the domestic market of high-end CNC machine tools has a scale of tens of billions of yuan and has good growth, but this market is almost monopolized by foreign high-end CNC machine tools, and there is a huge import substitution space.
General Secretary Xi Jinping once pointed out: "Only by mastering the core technology in its own hands, can we truly grasp the initiative of competition and development, and fundamentally safeguard national economic security, national defense security and other security." The development of China's CNC system industry proves that The key core of the high-end CNC system is that it cannot be bought, and it must be based on independent innovation. I believe that after 5-10 years of hard work, China's home appliances, mobile phones and other industries today may be a bright future for China's high-end CNC machine tools and even the entire machine tool industry.